Pitfalls in PNPM-Rural

Melani PNPM-Rural is one of the programs under PNPM Mandiri, which is the National Program for Community Empowerment by the Government of Indonesia. The program aims to alleviate poverty and improve employment opportunities through community…

Public Participation Mechanism in PNPM-Rural

Melani High poverty rate and unemployment rate remain major issues in Indonesia. According to the Statistics Indonesia, the number of poor people in Indonesia in 2007 was 37.17 million people, or around 17% of the…